The Pier Collection

 
"One of the most distinguished and perfect smaller collections of 20th century art on permanent display anywhere in the world"

— Patrick Heron

 
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The Pier Arts Centre was established in 1979 to provide a home for an important collection of British art donated to ‘be held in trust for Orkney’ by the author, peace activist and philanthropist Margaret Gardiner (1904 – 2005). 

Gardiner was a crucial figure in the development of British Modernist art in the middle years of the 20th century and was an early champion of the work of some of the greatest artists of the period, including Barbara Hepworth and Ben Nicholson.

The Collection, though small in scale, encompasses paintings and sculptures of exceptional quality by the key artists who were instrumental in importing and extending the ideas of the European avant-garde to Britain. 

The grouping of works exemplifies the definition and refinement of that particularly British manifestation of Modernism and also contains fine examples of work by Patrick Heron, Sir Terry Frost, Margaret Mellis, Sir Eduardo Paolozzi, Alan Davie, Alfred Wallis and Naum Gabo among others.  

Works from the Collection are regularly requested for loan to major exhibitions both within the United Kingdom and around the world, celebrating British Modernism and its international significance. 

The Collection has grown steadily since 1979 and now contains over 180 works, grouped around the central genre of Modernism, spanning the period from 1929 to the present day. 

Most recently work by internationally acclaimed contemporary artists, including Sean Scully, Eva Rothschild, Martin Boyce, Camilla Løw and Olafur Eliasson, has been acquired adding new depth to the historic core of the Collection, exploring elements of light, colour and nature. 

The work of Orcadian artists, including Stanley Cursiter, Margaret Tait, Sylvia Wishart, Ian Scott and Steven MacIver, provides an interlinking thread of Orkney art within the Collection and work by Ian Hamilton Finlay, Wilhelmina Barns-Graham and Bet Low (all of whom spent time working in Orkney), highlight the islands as an inspirational place for many artists.


Artists in the Collection

Click an artist's name to see biography and list of works in the Collection.

 

(b. 1947-2014)

Ackling was born in Isleworth, London, and studied at St Martins School of Art in the late 1960s alongside a remarkable group of students that included Richard Long, Bruce Mclean and Gilbert and George. He taught at Chelsea College of Art and served as a Governor of Norwich School of Art and Design. 

 

Works in the Collection

Weybourne
1996
sunlight on wood
57.5 x 21.5 x 0.8
Purchased with assistance from the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland, 2005

Voewood
1999
sunlight on wood
h: 2.4, diam: 2.7 (6 parts)
Purchased with assistance from the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland, 2005

Voewood
2004
sunlight on wood
33.5 x 32.7 x 2.6
Purchased with assistance from the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland and the National Fund for Acquisitions, 2005

Voewood
2004
sunlight on wood and mapping pin
5.7 x 1.5
Purchased with assistance from the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland, 2005

Voewood
2007
sunlight on wood with nail
15 x 15 x 4.5
Gift of the artist

(1917–84)

Born in Northampton, England, Adams attended evening classes at Northampton School of Art c.1937 – c. 1946. He had his first one-man exhibition in 1947 at Gimpel Fils Gallery in London, showing abstract and organic wood and plaster carvings reminiscent of Henry Moore. Adams spent time in Paris in the late 1940s where he saw works by Constantin Brancusi. In 1950 he spent three months in the USA, where he met artists of the New York School. In 1951 the Arts Council of Great Britain commissioned him to produce a large sculpture for the Festival of Britain, and he represented Britain at the 1952 and 1962 Venice Biennales. From 1949 to 1961 he taught at the Central School of Arts and Crafts in London; there he became friends with Victor Pasmore, who encouraged him towards abstraction. Throughout the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s he undertook major commissions, both at home and abroad, and continued to exhibit internationally. Robert Adams died in Great Maplestead, Essex.

 

Works in the Collection

Woman
1953
larch
30.2 x 9.7 x 14
Gift of Sanderson Buchanan, 1985

Relief
1955
bronze
18 x 24.4 x 2.8
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979 

(1916–2002)

Born in Leeds, Armitage studied at Leeds College of Art 1933–7 and the Slade School of Art in London 1937–9. He served in the army 1939–46. In 1947 he was appointed Head of Sculpture at Bath Academy of Art, a post he held until 1956. He represented Britain at the Venice Biennale in 1958, where he received the David Bright Foundation Award for the Best Sculptor under forty-five. He was awarded a CBE in 1969 and was elected a Senior Member of the Royal Academy in 1994.

 

Works in the Collection

Maquette for the Krefeld War Memorial
1956
bronze
33.5 x 19.5 x 12.1
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

(b. 1940)

Mill was born in Somerset and studied languages at Oxford before establishing a prestigious career as a lighting-cameraman in the film industry and as a photography director, working on such films as The Great Rock and Roll Swindle (1978). Since the 1980s he has exhibited his light installations internationally, including the Pier Arts Centre in 2010. He lives and works in London.

 

Works in the Collection

4 in 1
2003
Mild steel, powder coated white
30 x 30 x 8.5
Purchased with assistance from the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland and the National Fund for Acquisitions, 2010

(1912–2004)

Wilhelmina Barns-Graham was born in St Andrews and studied painting at Edinburgh College of Art from 1932-37. She became one of the central figures in the St Ives Group, arriving in St Ives in 1940. Since 1960, she divided her time between St Ives and her home. Barns-Graham made several working visits to Orkney in the mid 1980s. She died in St Andrews.

 

Works in the Collection

Red and Yellow
1958
gouache on paper
Purchased with assistance from the National Fund for Acquisitions, 2010

From The Pier Arts Centre, Stromness (Blue)
1984-5
pencil and ink (or watercolour) on paper
Gift of the Barns-Graham Charitable Trust, 2010

Wreck, Warbeth
1986
acrylic on board
124.8 x 52.8 x 44
Gift of the Barns-Graham Charitable Trust through the Art Fund, 2013

(1893–1965)

Bissier was born in Freiburg-im-Breisgau, Germany, and moved to Hagnau on Lake Constance in 1939. He made ink and wash paintings and designed fabrics but did not exhibit until after the Second World War. His work was represented at Documenta in Kassel in 1959 and 1964, and at the Venice Biennale in 1960. He exhibited at the São Paulo Biennial in 1961, where he was awarded the 10th Anniversary Jubilee Prize. He moved to Ascona, Switzerland, in 1959 and became friends with Jean Arp and Ben Nicholson.

 

Works in the Collection

19. Febr. 59 B
oil tempera on textile
19.8 x 23
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

(1925–2006)

Sandra Blow was born in London and studied at St Martin’s School of Art from 1941 to 1946, at the Royal Academy from 1946 to 1947, and subsequently at the Academy of Fine Arts, Rome from 1947 to 1948. She travelled to Spain and France in the late 1940s, worked in Cornwall for a year from 1957 to 1958 and then went on to teach at the Royal College of Art from 1960.She was appointed Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Art in 1973. From 1994 onwards she lived and worked in Cornwall.

 

Works in the Collection

Tesserae 1
2000
Acrylic and collage on paper
Gift of the Sandra Blow Estate, 2009

(b. 1967)

Boyce was born in Hamilton and studied at Glasgow School of Art. He is part of a generation of Scottish artists who have gained a national and international reputation for their work. In 2009 he represented Scotland at the Venice Biennale and won the Turner prize in 2011. He lives and works in Glasgow.

 

Works in the Collection

Untitled
2009
brass and perforated steel
Purchased with assistance from the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland and the National Fund for Acquisitions, 2010

(1927–2013)

Broido was born in South Africa and lived there until 1949. After moving to St Ives in 1956 he worked for Patrick Heron as a gardener, and had a studio at his house 1956–8. He exhibited regularly with the Penwith Society of Arts, worked as a studio assistant to Barbara Hepworth 1959–62, and taught at Truro Art School 1960–80. In 1980 he moved from Cornwall to London. His work is represented in the collection of Cornwall County Council.

 

Works in the Collection

Granite 1
1962
collage and pencil on board
38 x 50.9
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979*

(1887–1976)

Cursiter was born in Kirkwall, Orkney and studied design before attending Edinburgh College of Art in 1906. He joined the army in 1914 and later took charge of a Field Survey Battalion with responsibility to print maps; he was demobilized in 1919 with military honours. Cursiter was appointed Keeper of the National Galleries of Scotland in 1925 and Director in 1930, a post he held until 1948. As Director he created a conservation/restoration department for the galleries and was responsible for the dispersal of the National Galleries collection at the beginning of the Second World War. Following the war he was frustrated in his attempts to set up a gallery of modern and contemporary art in Scotland, however this laid the groundwork for the development of the current Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art in Edinburgh. On his retirement in 1948 he was appointed the Queen’s Painter and Limner and returned to Orkney to paint full-time. He became an Associate of the Royal Scottish Academy in 1927, a full Academician in 1937 and was awarded a C.B.E in 1948. His book Scottish Art at the Close of the Nineteenth Century was published in 1949. He died in Stromness.

 

Works in the Collection

Morning, Prestwick, Ayrshire
1920
watercolour on paper
37.5 x 53.9
Gift of Mr and Miss Stanger, 1980

Geo in Yesnaby and Brough of Bigging
1924
oil on canvas board
39.5 x 44.5
Gift of the sons of Captain A. L. Work, 1998

Study for the Queen’s visit, St Magnus Cathedral
1960
oil on canvas
60.4 x 91
Gift of Murray Hunter, 2000

(1920–2014)

Davie was born in Grangemouth, Scotland, and studied at Edinburgh College of Art 1937–40. Following service in the army 1941–6 he undertook a travelling scholarship to Italy, where he was impressed by the work of Jackson Pollock and other American Abstract Expressionists in the Peggy Guggenheim collection, Venice. Davie taught at the Central School of Arts and Crafts in London 1953–6; there he became interested in art from Africa and the Pacific. He received the Guggenheim Painting Award in 1956 and the International Painting Prize at the São Paulo Biennial in 1963. He was awarded a CBE in 1972 and was an Honorary Member of the Royal Scottish Academy.

 

Works in the Collection

Untitled
1956
lithograph on paper
34.2 x 27.3
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Magic Circles
1989
screenprint on paper
151.5 x 104
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

Symbols in a Landscape
1994
oil on canvas
36.9 x 44.6
Gift of the Artist, 1998

Celtic Landscape (Dreamscape)
1996
oil on canvas
76.7 x 96.7
Gift of the Artist, 1998

Island Phantasy
1999
screenprint on paper
57.2 x 67.8
Commissioned by the Pier Arts Centre and Soulisquoy Printmakers, 1999

Energy is Delight
2001
screenprint on paper
69 x 57.5
Acquired from Edinburgh Hospitals Trust, 2001

(b. 1930-2014)

Born in Abinger, Surrey, Denny studied in London at St Martins School of Art 1951–4 and at the Royal College of Art 1954–7. He taught at Hammersmith School of Art 1957–9 and was a Visiting Lecturer at Bath Academy of Art 1959–65 and the Slade School of Art in London 1965–71. He was an adviser to the Arts Council of Great Britain and the Institute of Contemporary Arts.

 

Works in the Collection

Collage 4
1957

collage and watercolour on paper
53.3 x 68.6
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

(b. 1970-2015)

Katy Dove was born in Oxford and studied at Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee. Her work has exhibited internationally including the Venice Biennale in 2003, when she was selected to participate in Zenomap, the first Scottish representation at the international arts festival. Her film, along with a selection of work by other participating Scottish artists was displayed at the Pier Arts Centre in 2004. 

 

Works in the Collection

Double Life
2005
screenprint on paper
53.5 x 46
Gift of Creative Scotland (from Scottish Arts Council Collection)

Double You
2004
screenprint on paper
53.5 x 46
Gift of Creative Scotland (from Scottish Arts Council Collection)

(b. 1967)

Eliasson was born in Copenhagen, Denmark and studied at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen 1989-95. In 2003 he represented Denmark at the Venice Biennale and exhibited The Weather Project at Tate Modern, London. ‘Take your time’, a survey exhibition organised by San Francisco Museum of Modern Art in 2007 travelled to The Museum of Modern Art and P.S.1 Contemporary Art Center, New York, in 2008. Eliasson lives and works in Berlin and Copenhagen.

 

Works in the Collection

The colour spectrum series
2005
48 colour photogravures
37.3 x 48.3
Purchased with assistance from the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland, the National Fund for Acquisitions and the Art Fund, 2006

(1925–2006)

Born in Nassau, Bahamas, to Scottish parents, Finlay was educated at Dollar Academy in Clackmannanshire. In the mid-1950s he came to Orkney to live in Rousay, describing the island as his birthplace as a poet. He is known through his work as a poet, visual artist, philosopher and gardener. His garden, Little Sparta, at Stoneypath in South Lanarkshire contains many of his artworks and is considered to be his masterwork. He was nominated for the Turner Prize in 1985 and received Honorary Doctorates from Aberdeen University (1987), Heriot Watt University in Edinburgh (1993) and the University of Glasgow (2001), and an Honorary Professorship from the University of Dundee (1999). He was awarded a CBE in 2002.

 

Works in the Collection

Star/Steer
1966
screenprint on paper
56.8 x 44
Purchased, 2007 

Sea Poppy 1
1966 (with Alistair Cant)
screenprint on paper
33.6 x 30.5
Purchased, 2007 

Gods of the Earth/Gods of the Sea
2005 (with Nicholas Sloan)
Portland stone
74 x 210 x 330
Commissioned by the Pier Arts Centre with assistance from the Scottish Arts Council, the Henry Moore Foundation, Orkney Islands Council and Orkney Enterprise, 2005

Marine
1968
screenprint on paper
51 x 64
Gift of Creative Scotland (from Scottish Arts Council Collection), 2011

Evening Will Come
1970
screenprint on paper
80 x 27.5
Gift of Creative Scotland (from Scottish Arts Council Collection), 2011

 

with John Furnnal
Ajar
1967
screenprint on paper
58.9 x 43
Gift of Creative Scotland (from Scottish Arts Council Collection), 2011

with John Furnnal
Poem/Print no 14
1970
screenprint on paper
52 x 72
Gift of Creative Scotland (from Scottish Arts Council Collection), 2011

 

(b. 1949)

Born in Sheffield, Yorkshire, Foxcroft studied at the Camberwell School of Art and Crafts in London 1970–74. She is known principally for her three-dimensional works but has also produced print editions in collaboration with Cairn Gallery in Nailsworth, England, and the October Foundation in Eindhoven, The Netherlands. She lives and works in Hertfordshire.

 

Works in the Collection

Stackwork
1993
corrugated cardboard
250 x 25 x 25
Gift of the Contemporary Art Society, 2005

(b. 1962)

Francis was born in Newtownards, County Down, Northern Ireland. He studied in London at St Martins School of Art 1980–85 and Chelsea School of Art 1985–6. He lives and works in London.

 

Works in the Collection

Untitled
1992
monotype on paper
59.8 x 59.8
Gift of the Contemporary Art Society, 2007

(1915–2003)

Frost was born in Leamington Spa, England. He served in the Commandos and was taken a prisoner of war in Crete. During this time(1941-5) he began painting, and following the war studied at St Ives School of Painting and at Camberwell School of Art in London 1946–9. He returned to St Ives in 1950, renting a studio next door to Ben Nicholson and working as a studio assistant to Barbara Hepworth in 1951. He taught at Bath Academy of Art 1952–4. He was the Gregory Fellow at Leeds University 1954–6 and moved to Banbury in 1963, teaching part-time at Coventry School of Art. In 1965 he took up a teaching post at Reading University and was made Professor of Fine Art. He returned to work in Newlyn, Cornwall, in 1974. Frost was elected a Senior Member of the Royal Academy in 1992 and received a Knighthood in 1998.

 

Works in the Collection

Collage
1950
oil, charcoal, paper collage on board
41.7 x 76.5
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Red, Black and White
1955–6
oil on canvas
72 x 91.7
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Black and Orange
1959
oil on canvas
45 x 50
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Red and Blue
1959
oil on canvas
50.5 x 76
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

(1890–1977)

Naum Gabo was born Naum Pevsner in Bryansk, Russia. He studied medicine, engineering, philosophy and art history in Munich, and there met the Abstract Expressionist artist Wassily Kandinsky. In 1914 he moved to Paris with his brother, the artist Antoine Pevsner, then travelled to Norway after the outbreak of the First World War. He returned to Russia in 1917 during the Revolution and in 1920, in collaboration with his brother, wrote the Realist Manifesto. He lived in Berlin 1922–32 and was in contact with the artists of the Bauhaus and the de Stijl group. He returned to Paris in 1932 and became a member of the group Abstraction-Création. In 1935 he moved to England and in 1936 exhibited in ‘Abstract and Concrete’, a group show in Oxford with, among others, Ben Nicholson and Barbara Hepworth. In 1939, at the outbreak of war, he moved to Cornwall. He emigrated to the USA in 1946. He was created Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1971.

 

Works in the Collection

Linear Construction No. 1
1942–3
perspex and nylon monofilament
21.2 x 21.2 x 5.6
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

 

(1904–2005)

Margaret Gardiner was the founder of the Pier Arts Centre. The gallery opened on the 14 July 1979 as the ‘home’ for her generous gift to Orkney of her collection of 20th century British Modernist Art. She was born in Berlin. Her father was the eminent Egyptologist Sir Alan Gardiner. She was educated at the Fröbel School and Bedales before reading, firstly, Modern Languages and then Moral Sciences at Newnham College, Cambridge. She was a writer and political activist as well as an active supporter and friend of the artists who had gravitated to St Ives during the WWII period. Her interest in modernist art developed through her close friendship with Barbara Hepworth whom she met in London in the 1930s. Her own experiments in painting were encouraged by her artist friends, including Roger Hilton who supplied her with a set of ‘rules for painting’. She first visited Orkney in the 1950s with her son Martin Bernal and continued to visit regularly, maintaining a cottage on Rousay. She died in London.

 

Works in the Collection

untitled
date unknown
oil on board
38.7 x 76.3
Gift of Jonathan Grimble

 

(1915–97)

Born in Methil, Fife, Scotland, Gear studied Fine Art at Edinburgh College of Art 1932–6 and Art History at Edinburgh University in 1937. On a travelling scholarship he worked under Fernand Léger in Paris. After serving in the Signals Corps during the Second World War, he lived in Paris 1947–50 and there met the artists Pierre Soulages and Serge Poliakoff. While on the Continent he exhibited with the CoBrA group in Amsterdam as the only UK member. Gear was Curator of the Towner Art Gallery in Eastbourne 1958–64, Head of Fine Art at Birmingham College of Art 1964–75, and was made a Senior Royal Academician in 1995. He died in Birmingham.

 

Works in the Collection

Study in Grey
1953
oil on canvas
50 x 61
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

Element
1955
oil on canvas
24.4 x 33.2

Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

 

(b. 1952)

Born in Edinburgh, Gillanders studied at the University of Edinburgh 1970–74 and taught history at the Royal High School in Edinburgh before forging a career as a freelance advertising and fashion photographer. Since 1983 he has taught photography at Napier University, Edinburgh and has established a reputation for portrait photography. Gillanders worked with Ian Hamilton Finlay on many commissions and produced a book, Little Sparta, photographs of Finlay’s internationally acclaimed garden, published by the National Galleries of Scotland in 1998. He continues to live and work in Edinburgh.

 

Works in the Collection

Gods of the Earth/Gods of the Sea, Rousay
2007
silver gelatine photographic print on paper
60.8 x 50.5
Commissioned by the Pier Arts Centre, 2007

 

(b. 1966)

Gordon was born in Glasgow and studied at Glasgow School of Art 1984–8 and the Slade School of Art in London 1988–90.  He was awarded the Turner Prize in 1996 and a major retrospective of his work was held at the National Galleries of Scotland in 2006. He lives and works in New York.

 

Works in the Collection

another unsent letter. then another. and another. and yet another.
2007
text on wall
dimensions variable
Purchased with assistance from the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland, the National Fund for Acquisitions and the Art Fund, 2009

 

(1903–75)

Hepworth was born in Wakefield, Yorkshire, and studied at Leeds School of Art 1919–20 and the Royal College of Art in London 1921–4. She lived in Italy 1924–6 and there met her first husband, the sculptor John Skeaping. Along with Skeaping and Henry Moore she adopted, and was an early pioneer of, direct carving techniques. She met her second husband, Ben Nicholson, in 1930 and the couple moved to Carbis Bay, Cornwall, in 1939. Hepworth became a member of the groups Abstraction-Création and Unit One in 1933. She moved to Trewyn Studio, St Ives, in 1949. In 1950 the Arts Council of Great Britain commissioned two works for the Festival of Britain. In the same year a retrospective of her work was presented at the Venice Biennale. Hepworth was awarded a CBE in 1958 and a DBE in 1965. In 1963 she was awarded a major commission for the Dag Hammarskjöld Memorial at the office of the United Nations, New York.

 

Works in the Collection

Figure
1929–30
oil and pencil on board
30.5 x 26
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Figure in Sycamore
1931
sycamore
62.9 x 24 x 23.5; base: 54.2 x 34.9

Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Two Heads
1932
Cumberland alabaster
30 x 37.5 x 22.7
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Two Heads (Mother and Child)
c. 1932
pencil on paper
21.5 x 17.2
Gift of the Hepworth Family Trust, 2008

Large and Small Form
1934
white alabaster
24.8 x 44.5 x 23.9
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Drawing for Sculpture
1942
gouache and pencil on paper
37 x 52.7
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Oval Sculpture
1943
plane wood with painted concavities
34.9 x 46.2 x 29.9
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Curved Forms with Green
1943
gouache and pencil on paper
26.7 x 38
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Involute II
1946
pink Lancaster stone
32.9 x 46 x 33.1
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Curved Stone
1946
gouache and pencil on drawing board
22.5 x 41.5
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Group III (Evocation)
1952
white marble
27.9 x 67.2 x 22.6; base: 5.1 x 76.3 x 32.8
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979*

Orpheus (Maquette 1)
1956
brass and string
52.2 x 22.5 x 18.9
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Curved Form (Trevalgan)
1956
bronze
91.5 x 59 x 50
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979*

Forms Ascending
1957
oil on board
56.4 x 31.1
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Seaforms (from 12 Lithographs)
1969
lithograph on paper
58.5 x 81.5
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

Squares and Circles (from 12 Lithographs)
1969
lithograph on paper
58.5 x 80.5
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

Two Marble Forms – (Mykonos) (from 12 Lithographs)
1969
lithograph on paper
81.5 x 58.5
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

Argos Square Forms (from 12 Lithographs)
1969
lithograph on paper
81.5 x 58.5
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

Pastorale (from 12 Lithographs)
1969
lithograph on paper
81.5 x 58.5
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

High Tide (from Opposing Forms)
1970
screenprint on paper
58.5 x 78.8
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

December Forms (from Opposing Forms)
1970
screenprint on paper
78.8 x 58.5
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

Forms in a Flurry (from Opposing Forms)
1970
screenprint on paper
78.8 x 58.5
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

Three Forms (from Opposing Forms)
1970
screenprint on paper
78.8 x 58.5
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

Opposing Forms (from Opposing Forms)
1970
screenprint on paper
78.8 x 58.5
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

Two Ancestral Figures (from Opposing Forms)
1970
screenprint on paper
81.5 x 58.5
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

Assembly of Square Forms (from Opposing Forms)
1970
screenprint on paper
81.5 x 58.5
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

Itea (from the Aegean Suite)
1971
lithograph on paper
78.5 x 58.5
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

Delos (from the Aegean Suite)
1971
lithograph on paper
58.5 x 78.5
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

(1920–99)

Heron was born in Leeds and studied at the Slade School of Art in London 1937–9. He met Ben Nicholson, Naum Gabo and Barbara Hepworth while working at the Leach Pottery 1944–5. He taught at the Central School of Arts and Crafts in London, and was art critic of the New Statesman and Nation 1947–50 and London correspondent of Arts (New York) 1955–8. His many critical writings include The Changing Forms of Art (1955). He was awarded a silver medal at the São Paulo Biennial in 1965 and a CBE in 1977. In 1956 he moved to Eagles Nest, Zennor, Cornwall where he continued to work until his death.

 

Works in the Collection

Small Red Square with Green and Yellow
1958
oil on canvas
50.6 x 40.6
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Grey and Black Stripes
1958
lithograph on paper
53 x 40.5
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979*

 

(1911–75)

Born in Northwood, Middlesex, Hilton studied at the Slade School of Art in London 1929–31, and then under Roger Bissière at the Académie Ranson in Paris 1931–9. He served in the army during the Second World War and was held a prisoner of war 1942–5. He painted his first abstract work in 1950; and in 1953 he travelled to Amsterdam and Paris with Dutch painter Constant and saw works by Mondrian. He taught at the Central School of Arts and Crafts in London 1954–6 and in 1964 was awarded the UNESCO Prize for Painting at the Venice Biennale. Hilton rented a studio in Newlyn, Cornwall, 1957-60 and moved to Bottallack, Cornwall, in 1965. He was awarded a CBE in 1968.

 

Works in the Collection

Red Sea
1958
oil on paper
25 x 35.5
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Brown, Yellow and Black
c. 1958
oil on board
41 x 61
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Three Boats
c. 1958
oil on board
14 x 23.5
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Black and Brown
c. 1958
oil on board
23 x 30.5
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Boat – perhaps?
c. 1958
oil on board
13.5 x 23
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

 

(b. 1962)

Callum Innes was born in Edinburgh and studied at Gray’s School of Art in Aberdeen 1980–84 and Edinburgh College of Art 1984–5. He was shortlisted for the Turner Prize in 1995 and went on to win the Natwest Art Prize in 1998 and the Jerwood Painting Prize in 2002. In 2003 he was awarded an Honorary Doctorate from Aberdeen University and in 2004 was elected an Associate Member of the Royal Scottish Academy. He lives and works in Edinburgh.

 

Works in the Collection

Exposed Painting, Deep Violet, Charcoal Black
2004
oil on canvas
122.2 x 117.5
Purchased with assistance from the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland, the National Fund for Acquisitions and the Art Fund, 2006

 

(b.1945)

Born in Edinburgh, Johnston studied at Edinburgh College of Art where he went on to hold the position of Professor of Art. He ran the interdisciplinary postgraduate course ‘Art, Space and Nature’ and is a member of the research project ‘Nozomi’, a joint venture between the College of Art and partners in Japan he co-edited Patrick Geddes: By Leaves We Live, published by Yamaguchi Institute of Contemporary Arts, 2005. He has worked on a number of commissions in partnership with Edinburgh based architects Reiach and Hall and he collaborated with the Japanese Architect Shinichi Ogawa for the 2002 Gwangju Biennale in Korea. He lives and works in Edinburgh.

 

Works in the Collection

Untitled
1987
bronze
82 x 6.9 x 5.2
Gift of the Artist, 1987

Orkney
2007
pencil, charcoal and acrylic on wood
30.1 x 22 x 1.8 (4 parts)
Purchased with assistance from the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland, the National Fund for Acquisitions and the Art Fund, 2009

 

(b. 1954)

Kapoor was born in Bombay (Mumbai), India, and moved to London in the early 1970s. He studied at the Hornsey College of Art 1973–7 and Chelsea School of Art 1977–8. He represented Britain in the 1990 Venice Biennale where he was awarded the Premio Duemila Prize, and in 1991 he won the Turner Prize. Kapoor is a Royal Academician and was awarded an Honorary Fellowship of the London Institute in 1997 and a CBE in 2003. He lives and works in London.

 

Works in the Collection

12 Etchings
2007
colour etching on paper
53.2 x 69.3
Published by The Paragon Press
Purchased with assistance from the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland and the National Fund for Acquisitions, 2009

 

(b. 1964)

Lambie was born in Glasgow and studied at Glasgow School of Art. He represented Scotland at Zenomap the first Scottish pavilion at the Venice Biennale in 2003 and was nominated for the Turner Prize in 2005. He is based in Glasgow and in New York.

 

Works in the Collection

Dream Baby Dream
2011
Aluminium, household paint
62.5 x 62.5 x 12
Gift of the artist

 

(1918–64)

Lanyon was born in St Ives, Cornwall. He studied at the Penzance School of Art in 1937 and met the artist and writer Adrian Stokes who advised him to study at the Euston Road School in London, which he did briefly in 1938. In 1939 he met Ben Nicholson, Barbara Hepworth and Naum Gabo and received painting lessons from Nicholson. Returning to Cornwall from wartime service in the RAF he became a founding member of the Penwith Society of Arts. He taught at the Bath Academy of Art 1950–7 and ran an art school at St Peter’s Loft, St Ives, with Terry Frost 1957–60. He died in a gliding accident in Somerset.

 

Works in the Collection

Box Construction
1939–40
wood, glass, cardboard and gelatine filter in a wooden box
32.7 x 40.4 x 5.5
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Heather Coast
1963
oil on canvas
119.6 x 150
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

 

(1924–2007)

Low was born in Gourock, Scotland.  In 1942 she entered Glasgow School of Art where she studied alongside Ian Hamilton Finlay. She then attended Jordanhill Teacher Training College in Glasgow and later worked as an art therapist. In 1963 she co-founded, with John Taylor and Cyril Gerber, the influential New Charing Cross Gallery in Glasgow which was succeeded by the Compass Gallery in 1969. During the 1960s and 1970s she made successive visits to Orkney to paint. She was elected a Royal Scottish Academician and in 1999 was awarded an Honorary Degree of Doctor of Letters from Glasgow University. She died in Glasgow.

 

Works in the Collection

Red Rysa
c. 1970s
oil on paper
59.5 x 49.5
Gift of the Artist, 1995

Calm Water (at Mill Bay, Hoy)
1972
oil and gold leaf on board
56.2 x 45
Gift of the Artist, 1995

In the Hoy Hills (Orkney)
1977
oil on canvas
91.5 x 122.3
Gift of the Artist, 1995

Eyam Edge
Gouache on paper
63 x 75
Gift of Creative Scotland (from Scottish Arts Council Collection), 2011

(b. 1976)

Born in Oslo, Norway, Løw studied at the Glasgow School of Art 1998–2001 and was awarded the Statoil Grant Prize for Contemporary Art in Norway in 2005. She lives and works in Oslo.

 

Works in the Collection

4 + 4
2005
wood and paint
140 x 10 x 10
Purchased with assistance from the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland and the National Fund for Acquisitions, 2006

Cinematic
2013
aluminium and enamel paint
60 x 60 x 18
Presented by the Contemporary Art Society, 2014

 

(b. 1979)

MacIver was born and raised in Orkney, attending Kirkwall Grammar School, before completing undergraduate study at Gray’s School of Art in Aberdeen. He studied for his Master’s Degree at the Slade School of Art in London and then spent two years at the British School at Rome as the successful recipient of the Sainsbury Scholarship in Drawing and Painting. Since 2006 he has maintained a successful career as a painter continuing to receive awards and recognition for his work. He lives and works in Abingdon.

 

Works in the Collection

Akasaka
2010
oil and gloss on canvas
h120 x w150
Purchased from the artist with assistance from Reiach & Hall Architects, 2010

 

(1909–92)

Frederick Edward McWilliam was born in Banbridge, County Down, Northern Ireland and studied painting at Belfast School of Art and at the Slade School of Art in London 1928–31. He served in the RAF in India 1940–45 and returned to teach in London at the Chelsea School of Art and the Slade School of Art. McWilliam was a contributing artist to the Festival of Britain in 1951 and was a prizewinner at the John Moores Exhibition in Liverpool in 1961. He was awarded a CBE in 1966 and elected a Senior Royal Academician in 1989.

 

Works in the Collection

The Orator
1955
iron cement over metal armature
33.9 x 11.2 x 10.6
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

 

(1914–2009)

Mellis was born in China to Scottish parents. She attended Edinburgh College of Art 1929–33 where she studied under S. J. Peploe and worked alongside fellow students William Gear and Wilhelmina Barns-Graham. She married Adrian Stokes in 1938 and lived in Carbis Bay, Cornwall, 1939–46. During the Second World War Mellis met many of the artists who had moved to St Ives from London including Hepworth, Nicholson and Gabo, and began making constructions around this time. She lived in France 1948–50 before moving back to live and work in Southwold, Suffolk.

 

Works in the Collection

Anemones gone to seed
c. 1957
oil on board
39.5 x 40
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Dead Anemones
1957
oil on board
46 x 30.8
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Driftwood Relief Three
1980
wood
58.5 x 86.8
Purchased with assistance from the Art Fund and the Local Museums Purchase Fund, 1982

Anemones at night
1990
pastel on paper
37 x 43
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1990

(b. 1957)

Miller was born in Bristol, England. He has worked with camera-less photography techniques since the mid 1980s after establishing his reputation as a landscape photographer. He lives and works in Dartmoor.

 

Works in the Collection

Towards A Solar Eclipse (4 April)
1998
oil, light, dye destruction print on paper
49.2 x 49.2
Purchased with assistance from the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland, the National Fund for Acquisitions and the Art Fund, 2006

Towards a Solar Eclipse (18 May)
1998
oil, light, dye destruction print on paper
49.2 x 49.2
Purchased with assistance from the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland, the National Fund for Acquisitions and the Art Fund, 2006

 

(1922-2008)

Newcomb was born at Harrow-on-the-Hill. She studied general sciences at Reading University and taught maths and science at Bath High School. With her husband Godfrey, she farmed and ran a small pottery, before pursuing her career as a painter. Her work was championed by the London art dealer Andras Calman and she had numerous exhibitions at the Crane Kalman gallery. Her work is represented in theTate. She exhibited at the Pier Arts Centre in 1995 and made several subsequent visits to Orkney. She died in Suffolk.

 

Works in the Collection

Begonias
1997
Screenprint on paper
80 x 75

Gift of Creative Scotland (from Scottish Arts Council Collection), 2011

 

(1894–1982)

Ben Nicholson was born in Buckinghamshire, the eldest son of the painter William Nicholson. In 1920 he married fellow artist Winifred Roberts and lived in Cumberland, Switzerland and London during the 1920s and 1930s. In 1930 he met Barbara Hepworth whom he subsequently married. Nicholson and Hepworth moved to Cornwall in 1939. Increasingly he spent time away from Cornwall until he moved to the Ticino, Switzerland in 1958. International recognition during the 1950s included the first Guggenheim International Painting Prize in 1956 and the International Prize for Painting at the 1957 São Paulo Biennial. He received the British Order of Merit in 1968. He returned to Britain in 1971 and died in London.

 

Works in the Collection

1929 (fireworks)
oil on wood
29.5 x 46
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

1932 (talc de Coty)
oil on board
25.5 x 31.5
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

1932–40 (still life)
oil and pencil on canvas
56 x 69
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

1934 (painting)
oil on board
37 x 45
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

1935 (painting)
oil on canvas on board
58.7 x 28
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

1939 (painted relief)
oil on carved board
91.4 x 82.6
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

1943 (painted relief version 2)
gouache on carved board
38.2 x 48.3
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

1944–5 (painted relief)
oil on carved board
74 x 75.7
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

(two circles) 1945
oil on canvas on board
48 x 45.2
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

3 circles
c. 1946–7
oil on board
27.4 x 32.8
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979*

Oct - 52 (lichen)
oil and pencil on carved board
17.5 x 14
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979*

 

(1934–90)

Simon Nicholson was born in London, one of triplets from the marriage of Ben Nicholson and Barbara Hepworth. He moved with his family to Carbis Bay, Cornwall in 1939 and studied at the Royal College of Art in London 1953–4 before studying archaeology and anthropology at Trinity College, Cambridge, 1954–7. In 1964 he became Visiting Professor in Sculpture at Moore University, Philadelphia, and was Professor of Sculpture at the University of California 1965–71. He devised and managed an innovative arts course for the Open University in 1971 entitled ‘Art and the Environment’. His work was included in the exhibition ‘St Ives: Twenty-five Years of Painting, Sculpture and Ceramics’ at the Tate Gallery, London in 1985. He died in Oxford.

 

Works in the Collection

Acres St Martin’s, Isles of Scilly
1956
pencil on paper
39.1 x 52
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Kitchen Porth
1956
charcoal on paper
37 x 54.2
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

 

(1925–2005)

Paolozzi was born in Leith, Edinburgh and studied at Edinburgh College of Art 1943–7 and the Slade School of Art in London 1947–9. During the 1950s he taught in London at the Central School of Arts and Crafts and St Martins School of Art. A member of the Independent Group in London, he was commissioned to make a work for the Festival of Britain in 1951. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s he was a pioneering figure in British sculpture and printmaking, representing Britain at the Venice Biennale in 1960 where he won the David Bright Foundation Award for the Best Sculptor under forty-five. Paolozzi undertook a number of high-profile public commissions throughout his career, most prominently a mosaic for Tottenham Court Road Underground station in London. He was elected a Royal Academician in 1979, became an Honorary Member of the Royal Scottish Academy and was knighted in 1989. He died in London.

 

Works in the Collection

Fishermen
1946
watercolour on paper
36.3 x 53
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Lamp
1947
ink and collage on paper
49 x 32
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Untitled
c. 1948
plaster relief
17.3 x 28 x 5
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Untitled
c. 1948
plaster relief
27.5 x 10 x 3
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Targets
c. 1948
ink on blotting paper
25.3 x 31.8
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Standing Figure
c. 1954–5
bronze
27.2 x 7.7 x 6.5
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979*

Untitled
c. 1965
polished bronze
14.5 x 28.6 x 22
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

Miennes
1976
wood
21.4 x 8.5 x 2
Scottish Arts Council bequest, 1997

(1906–69)

Poliakoff was born in Moscow. He left Russia in 1919 and lived in Constantinople, Sofia, Belgrade, Vienna and Berlin before settling in Paris in 1923 where he studied painting while supporting himself as a musician. He moved to London in 1935 and studied at the Slade School of Art before returning to Paris in 1937. He made his first abstractions in 1938 after meeting Kandinsky and Robert and Sonia Delaunay. In 1945 he had his first one-man exhibition at the Galerie L’Esquisse, Paris and exhibited in the 1962 Venice Biennale. In 1965 he was awarded the International Prize at the Tokyo Biennial. Poliakoff became a French national in 1962 and died in Paris.

 

Works in the Collection

Composition
1959
gouache on paper
59.5 x 45.3
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

 

(b. 1926-2014)

Born in Newmarket, Suffolk, Reynolds served in the British army during the Second World War. While posted in Hanover, Germany, he saw the work of Paul Klee and the German Expressionists of Der Blaue Reiter. Following the end of the war he studied at Woolwich Polytechnic 1948–52 and at the Royal College of Art in London 1952–53. He rose to prominence as a landscape painter, exhibiting with the London Group in 1950, before developing a purely abstract style. He taught in London at the Central School of Arts and Crafts 1954–61 and, from 1962, at St Martin’s School of Art. 

 

Works in the Collection

First Drawing for Summer (The Seasons)
1954–6
gouache and pen and ink on paper
16.5 x 23
Gift of the Contemporary Art Society, 2005

Modular study (1)
1981
lead pencil on paper laid on card
30.4 x 24.2
Gift of the Contemporary Art Society, 2005

 

(b. 1945)

Róbertsdóttir was born in Reykjavík, Iceland, and studied at the Icelandic College of Arts and Crafts 1963–70 and the Konstfack Art School in Stockholm, Sweden, 1970–71. She lives and works in Reykjavík.

 

Works in the Collection

Lava Landscape
2007
lava from Hekla
dimensions variable
Gift of the Artist, 2007

 

(b. 1972)

Rothschild was born in Dublin. She studied at the University of Ulster, Belfast and at Goldsmiths’ College, London. She has exhibited widely, including the monumental ‘Cold Corners’ in the Duveen Galleries of Tate Britain in 2009 and the inaugural exhibition at The Hepworth Wakefield in 2011. She lives and works in London.

 

Works in the Collection

Little Cloud
2011
plaster bandage, gesso, aluminium, steel stand
56 x 214 x 56
Purchased with assistance from the Friends of the Pier Arts Centre, the Scottish Arts Council Lottery Fund and the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland, 2012

 

(b. 1940)

Born in North Ronaldsay, Orkney, Scott trained at Gray's School of Art in Aberdeen, graduating in 1962. In 1970 his bronze sculpture of a lifeboat man looking out to sea was unveiled by the Queen to commemorate the Longhope lifeboat disaster of 1969. He lives and works in North Ronaldsay.

 

Works in the Collection

George Mackay Brown (1921–96)
1991
Bronze (cast 2006)
33 x 23 x 25
Gift of Robert Leslie Sutherland and Inga Voy, 2006

 

(1913–89)

Born in Greenock, Scotland Scott lived and studied in Belfast 1928–31 and then moved to London to attend the Royal Academy Schools. He ran a painting school in Pont-Aven 1937–9 and served in the Royal Engineers during the Second World War. He was senior painting master at Bath Academy of Art 1946–56 and won first prize at the second John Moores Exhibition in 1959. He was awarded a CBE in 1966 and was elected a member of the Royal Academy in 1984.

 

Works in the Collection

Still Life on a Black Table II
1956
oil on canvas
50.7 x 101.7
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Untitled
c. 1960
gouache on paper
21.3 x 26.9
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

 

(b. 1945)

Born in Dublin, Ireland, Scully moved to England in 1949. He studied at Croydon College of Art 1965–68, the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1968–72, and Harvard University in the USA 1972–73. He taught in London at Chelsea School of Art and Goldsmiths College 1973–5. In 1975 he was awarded a Harkness Fellowship and settled in New York, gaining American citizenship in 1983. Scully was nominated for the Turner Prize in 1989 and in 1993. He lives and works in America.

 

Works in the Collection

Colourland
2005
oil on canvas
114 x 140
Purchased with assistance from the the Scottish Arts Council Lottery Fund and the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland, 2006

 

(b. 1966)

Sinclair was born in Glasgow. He studied at Glasgow School of Art 1984–92 and is currently Academic Researcher and Lecturer in Glasgow School of Art’s Department of Sculpture and Environmental Art. He lives and works in Kilcreggan, Scotland.

 

Works in the Collection

I love real life
2007
neon and perspex
26 x 122 x 8.5
Purchased with assistance from the National Collecting Scheme for Scotland, the National Fund for Acquisitions and the Art Fund, 2009

 

(1918–99)

Margaret Tait was born in Kirkwall, Orkney. She studied medicine at Edinburgh University 1936–41 before joining the Royal Army Medical Corps in 1941. She studied at the Università Italiana per Stranieri in Perugia, Italy in 1950 and went on to study film at the Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia in Rome 1950–52. She founded Ancona Films with Peter Hollander in Rome in 1953. In the 1960s Tait moved from Edinburgh to Orkney where she made a series of films and wrote poems and short stories. Retrospectives of her work were held at the Edinburgh International Film Festival 1970 and 2004 and at the National Film Theatre in London 2000. She died in Kirkwall.

 

Works in the Collection

Three Portrait Sketches
1951
16mm, black & white, silent
10 mins
Acquired with assistance from Highland 2007 and Highlands & Islands Enterprise Orkney, 2007

A Portrait of Ga
1952
16mm, colour, sound
4.30 mins
Acquired with assistance from Highland 2007 and Highlands & Islands Enterprise Orkney, 2007

Happy Bees
1955
16mm, colour, sound
17 mins
Acquired with assistance from Highland 2007 and Highlands & Islands Enterprise Orkney, 2007

Aerial
1974
16mm, colour, sound
4 mins
Acquired with assistance from Highland 2007 and Highlands & Islands Enterprise Orkney, 2007

Colour Poems
1974
16mm, colour, sound
12 mins
2007
Acquired with assistance from Highland 2007 and Highlands & Islands Enterprise Orkney, 2007

Tailpiece
1976
16mm, black & white, sound
10 mins
Acquired with assistance from Highland 2007 and Highlands & Islands Enterprise Orkney, 2007

Orquil Burn
1955
16mm, colour, sound
35 mins
Gifts of Alex Pirrie

The Leaden Echo and The Golden Echo
1955
16mm, colour, sound
7 mins
Gifts of Alex Pirrie

Hugh MacDiarmid, A Portrait
1964
16mm, black & white, sound
9 mins
Gifts of Alex Pirrie

John McFadyen (The Stripes and The Tartan)
1970
16mm, colour, sound
3 mins 30 secs
Gifts of Alex Pirrie

Place of Work
1976
16mm, colour, sound
31 mins
Gifts of Alex Pirrie

Aspects of Kirkwall: Occasions
1977
16mm, colour, sound
10 mins
Gifts of Alex Pirrie

(1912–95)

Born in Milan, Valenti studied at the Brera Academy 1932–7. His early works were highly colourful narrative paintings based upon dreams and childhood memories. He was an active member of the Corrente movement and was a friend of Ben Nicholson and Julius Bissier. His works of the 1950s became increasingly abstract and from 1959 onwards he concentrated on making collage. He died in Switzerland.

 

Works in the Collection

Collage
1962
paper collage on board
30 x 29
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

 

(1912–77)

Vaughan, born in Sussex, gave up a career in advertising to become a painter. He served in the Pioneer Corps during the Second World War, and  his drawings of army life first attracted critical attention. He taught in London at the Camberwell School of Art 1946–8, and Central School of Arts and Crafts 1948–57 and was visiting Lecturer at the Slade School of Art 1959–77. Extensive travels through the Mediterranean, North Africa and the USA formed the basis of his writings and journals. He was awarded a CBE in 1969.

 

Works in the Collection

Still Life with Pears
1951
oil on canvas
40.9 x 50.9
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

 

(1855–1942)

Wallis was born in Plymouth and from the 1870s worked as a mariner aboard fishing boats. After moving to St Ives in 1890 he ran a marine scrap business, retiring in 1912. He began painting after the death of his wife in 1922; in 1928 he met Ben Nicholson and Christopher Wood, who started to collect his work, bringing it to wider public and critical attention. Some of his paintings were shown by Nicholson in the 7 & 5 Society exhibition held in 1929. He died in the Madron Institute in Cornwall.

 

Works in the Collection

White sailing ship – three masts
c. 1934–8
oil on paper
22.3 x 36
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Headland with two three-masters (recto)
Against Longships fog (verso)

c. 1934–8
oil on card
29.5 x 43.5
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Yacht, pink and green (recto)
St Ives harbour and Godrevy
  (verso)
c. 1934–8
oil and pencil on card
21.8 x 25.3
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Three ships and lighthouse (recto)
St Ives harbour: White sailing ship
(verso)
c. 1934–8
oil and pencil on card
32 x 46.5
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Black Steamship
c. 1934–8
oil on paper
23.7 x 29.8
Gift of the Art Fund, 1993

Seascape
date unknown
oil on plywood
26.6 x 35.3
Margaret McLeod bequest, 2007

(1907–2000)

Wells was born in London and worked as a doctor on the Isles of Scilly 1936–45. He studied art informally, attending evening classes at St Martins School of Art in London 1927–8 and, briefly, the Stanhope Forbes Newlyn School of Painting. Following the Second World War he moved to Newlyn, Cornwall and was a founding member of the Crypt Group (so called because they exhibited in the crypt of the Mariners Church in St Ives) and the Penwith Society of Arts. He died in Newlyn.

 

Works in the Collection

Landscape Head
1950
oil and pencil on board
40.7 x 30.7
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Landscape (Mineral)
1953
oil on cardboard
20.5 x 36
Gift of Margaret Gardiner, 1979

Landscape and Flight Forms
1958
oil on board
122 x 61
Gift of Dorothy Galton, 1980

(1936–2008)

Wishart was born in Stromness, Orkney. She studied drawing and painting at Gray’s School of Art in Aberdeen and lectured there in the Painting and Drawing department 1969–87. On her retirement she moved back to live and paint full-time in Orkney. She was a close friend of Margaret Gardiner and a founding Trustee of the Pier Arts Centre.  She encouraged Gardiner to house her collection in an arts centre that would also house temporary exhibitions and events. She was elected a member of the Royal Scottish Academy in 2005. She died in Kirkwall.

 

Works in the Collection

Boats and Boxes III
c. 1970s
oil on canvas
65.5 x 91.5
Gift of the Estate of Sylvia Wishart, 2009

Bird on Window 1
c. 1980s
oil on canvas
80.8 x 106.7
Gift of the Estate of Sylvia Wishart, 2009

Barley fields near the sea
c. 1980s
oil on canvas
121.9 x 121.9
Gift of the Estate of Sylvia Wishart, 2009

(Untitled)
c. 1980s
mixed media on paper
32 x 32.4
Gift of the Estate of Sylvia Wishart, 2009

Hoy Sound
1987
oil and mixed media on paper
97 x 176.9
Purchased with assistance from the National Fund for Acquisitions, the Art Fund and a private donor, 1993

Reflections
2004
oil and mixed media on paper
107 x 194
Gift of Mark and Fiona Hope, 2005

Evening, Stromness
c. 1970s
oil on board
69.8 x 58.4
Gift of Grizelda Grimond, 2009

Herringbone Sea
c. 1980s
oil on canvas
110 x 119.5
Gift of Anne McWilliam